2008年10月28日

ホッブズ『市民論(De Cive)』冒頭の献辞より一節

ホッブズ『市民論(De Cive)』冒頭の献辞(Epistle dedicatory; Ep. ded.)より一節
And truly the Geometricians have very admirably perform'd their part. For whatsoever assistance doth accrew to the life of man, whether from the observation of the Heavens, or from the description of the Earth, from the notation of Times, or from the remotest Experiments of Navigation; Finally, whatsoever things they are in which this present Age doth differ from the rude simplenesse of Antiquity, we must acknowledge to be a debt which we owe meerly to Geometry. If the Morall philosophers had as happily discharg'd their duty, I know not what could have been added by humane Industry to the completion of that happinesse, which is consistent with humane life. For were the nature of humane Actions as distinctly knowne, as the nature of Quantity in Geometricall Figures, the strength of Avarice and Ambition, which is sustained by the erroneous opinions of the Vulgar, as touching the nature of Right and Wrong, would presently faint and languish; And Mankinde should enjoy such an Immortall peace, that (unlesse it were for habitation, on supposition that the Earth should grow too narrow for her Inhabitants) there would hardly be left any pretence for war. But now on the contrary, that neither the Sword nor the pen should be allowed any Cessation; That the knowledge of the Law of Nature should lose its growth, not advancing a whit beyond its antient stature; that there should still be such siding with the severall factions of philosophers, that the very same Action should bee decryed by some, and as much elevated by others; that the very same man should at severall times embrace his severall opinions, and esteem his own Actions farre otherwise in himselfe than he does in others; These I say are so many signes, so many manifest Arguments, that what hath hitherto been written by Morall philosophers, hath not made any progress in the knowledge of the Truth...
http://www.constitution.org/th/decive00.htm

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唯物論者らしいユートピア的発想。

翻訳には『福島大学教育学部論集 社会科学部門』(62-63, 65-71)に掲載された伊藤宏之、渡部秀和両氏によるものがあるが、対象は本文のみ(「献辞」と「読者に向けての序文」は含まず)。底本は、1651年の(ホッブズ本人による?)上掲英語訳。

伊藤宏之(ReaD)
http://hdc.educ.fukushima-u.ac.jp/modules/tinyd6/index.php?id=103

なかなか興味深い講義をしておられます。

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単著は?、とアマゾンで検索してみたら、丁度以下の翻訳が出版されたところだった。こちらは完訳で、底本は1647年のラテン語第2版。

ホッブズ(本田裕志訳)(2008)『市民論(近代社会思想コレクション 1)』京都大学学術出版会(Amazon.co.jp)

本田裕志(ほんだ ひろし)

龍谷大学文学部教授
1956年 東京都に生まれる
1987年 京都大学大学院文学研究科博士課程満期退学
2007年より、龍谷大学文学部助教授を経て現職

主な著訳書
『生命倫理の現在』(共著、世界思想社)
『環境と倫理』(共著、有斐閣)
『応用倫理学事典』(共編著、丸善)
J・レイチェルズ『生命の終わり』(共訳・晃洋書房)

http://www.kyoto-up.or.jp/book.php?id=1560
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